OTDR TUTORIAL EPUB
Understanding OTDRs (Optical Time Domain Reflectometers) What You Will Learn In This Basic Self-Study Program: What is an OTDR – optical time domain. 17 Apr Optical time-domain reflectometer (OTDR) is an optoelectronic instrument used to characterize an optical fiber. It can help you understand the. 24 Jan OTDR is a popular fiber optic testing tool which can be used to test the fiber loss, and locate the faults in fiber optic links. However, the OTDR.
|Published (Last):||10 February 2012|
|PDF File Size:||4.87 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||11.20 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
otdr tutorial Of course, Otdr tutorial traces are also used for troubleshooting, since they can show where breaks are in fiber when traces are compared to installation documentation. At the same time, the built-in OTDR module and ordinary optical module size is consistent. Looking the opposite way, from a low attenuation fiber to a high attenuation fiber, we find otdr tutorial backscatter goes up, otcr the measured tutoriao less than it actually is.
Generally, premises cabling uses the shortest possible pulse and long haul uses a medium pulse for the first test. Pulse Width Adjusting the pulse width is another otdr tutorial to get more measurement distance since the additional power in the pulse will create a bigger backscatter signal, but at the loss of resolution between events.
The Introduction of EXFO OTDR
If you do this, we suggest you make measurements on several fibers and average. The using otdr tutorial them is generally the same. One must also cut the loss in half, since the light sees loss both ways. Notice the difference in the distance that otdr tutorial signal travels before it the noise level becomes significant. In some cables, launch cable otdr tutorial being used to cover the dead otdr tutorial at the beginning of the fiber link.
Information in the OTDR Trace They say a picture is worth ttorial thousand words, and the Otdr tutorial picture or “trace” as they are called takes a lot of words to describe all the information in it! OTDR is a popular fiber optic testing tool which can be used to test the fiber loss, and locate the faults in fiber otdrr links. In the loser direction, the loss shown by the OTDR will always be the actual loss plus the difference in backscatter coefficient, so even if the loss from otcr actual splice is very low, the measured loss will be high.
This dead zone might be hundreds or otcr meters long.
If tutrial fiber looks nonlinear at either end, especially near a reflective event like a connector, avoid that section when measuring loss. Here is another trace otdr tutorial shows the idea of gainers as they often show up in real installations.
If you want to need more specific details about OTDR launch otdr tutorial, kindly visit another article: OTDR launch fiber comes odr different types of packages.
Index of Refraction The index of refraction is the calibration for the speed of light in the fiber which the OTDR uses to calculate distance in the fiber. Comparing Traces Comparing two tutodial in the same window is useful for confirming data collection and contrasting different test methods on the same fiber. Event 1 shows another important issue about gainers otdr tutorial there are “losers” too.
The amount of light reflected is determined by the differences otdr tutorial the index of refraction otdr tutorial the two fibers joined, a function of the composition of the glass in the fiber, or any air in the gap between the fibers, common with terminations and otdr tutorial splices.
If the first fiber has more attenuation than the one after the connection, the percentage of light from the OTDR test pulse will go down, so the measured loss on the OTDR will include the actual loss plus a loss error caused by the lower backscatter level, making the displayed loss greater than it actually is.
It is very important to know the lengths of all fibers in the network, so you know where to look for events and won’t get confused when unusual events show up like ghosts, we’ll describe below. However, if the fibers are different, the backscatter coefficients will cause a different percentage of light to be sent back to the OTDR.
Think of the OTDR pulse otdr tutorial being a “virtual source” created by the scattering that is testing all the fiber between itself and the Otdr tutorial as it moves down the fiber. Then, the launch fiber can be installed added at the far end connection to work as a receive cable, as shown in the above picture.
The Introduction of EXFO OTDR – Tutorials Of Fiber Optic Products
OTDRs otdr tutorial show you where the cables are terminated and confirm the quality of the fibers, connections and splices. If both fibers are identical, such as splicing a broken fiber back together, the backscattering will be the same on both sides otdr tutorial the joint, so the OTDR will measure the actual splice loss.
While the longer pulses yield traces with tutodial noise and longer otdr tutorial capability, the ability to resolve and identify events becomes less, and the test pulse overloads the OTDR reducing its ability to see events nearby. The light scattered back for measurement is not otdr tutorial constant.
The ghost at 80 meters looked like the end of the cable to him! The OTDR measures distance and loss between the two markers.
At different wavelengths, since fiber is more sensitive to stress at longer wavelengths, otdr tutorial allows finding stress points caused bu installation. There is also a noticable difference in the reflectance at the splice. While this error source is always present, it can be practically eliminated by taking readings both otdr tutorial and averaging the measurements, and many OTDRs have this programmed in their measurement routines.
The OTDR will calculate the distance difference between the two markers and give the distance. It will also read the difference between the power levels otdr tutorial the two points where the markers cross the trace and calculate the loss, or difference in the two power levels in dB. Wavelength Since fiber has lower loss at longer wavelength, one can otdr tutorial use the longer wavelength source to make measurements at longer ranges with a better signal to noise ratio.
The OTDR, however, uses a unique optical phenomena of fiber to indirectly measure loss. Reflective pulses can show you the resolution of the OTDR.